International Air Transport Association


For immediate release

Date: 29 September 2009   No: 41



Traffic Volumes Improve, But Costs Rising
-Profitability Remains Distant-

Geneva - The International Air Transport Association (IATA) today announced international scheduled traffic results for August. Compared to August 2008, passenger demand was down 1.1%, (an improvement compared to the 2.9% decline in July), and freight demand fell by 9.6% (also an improvement compared to the 11.3% drop in July).

Compared to August 2008, passenger load factors improved by 1.2 percentage points to 80.9%. Despite the tighter supply and demand conditions average fares continue to be depressed (-22% for premium seats and -18% for economy).

To match capacity with demand, airlines have reduced daily aircraft utilization in recent months. For example, average daily hours for the global Boeing 777 fleet dropped by 2.7% to 11.1 hours per day through the first eight months of the year.  Lower utilization helps load factors, but spreading fixed asset costs over fewer hours in the air pushes up unit costs.

“Demand continues to improve, but profitability remains ever distant,” said Giovanni Bisignani, IATA’s Director General and CEO. “Fares have stabilized, but at profitless levels. Meanwhile cost pressures are mounting from reduced aircraft utilization and rising oil prices. The industry is not out of the woods yet,” said Bisignani.

International Passenger Demand:

Compared to the low point of March 2009, seasonally adjusted passenger demand has improved by 6%, but traffic levels remain 5% below May 2008 when the fall in demand began. All regions, except the Middle East, saw improved demand conditions in August compared to July:

  • Asia-Pacific carriers recorded the most significant improvement moving from a -7.6% drop in July to -1.6% in August. This improvement is somewhat exaggerated as August 2008 was the start of the steep decline in passenger demand for the region’s airlines. This region is where second and third quarter growth has been strongest, boosted by massive government and central bank stimulus packages and fewer problems with consumer debt and bank balance sheets.
  • European and North American carriers saw smaller improvements driven by exposure to more robust long-haul markets, rather than local economies. European carriers saw demand fall 2.8% compared to August 2008 (up from the -3.1% recorded for July). For North American carriers, the improvement was to -2.5% in August compared to -3.2% in July.
  • Middle Eastern carriers were the only region to show year-on-year growth with demand expanding by 10.8%. This is below the 13.2% recorded in July due to a distortion resulting from the earlier start of Ramadan compared with last year. Middle East carriers continue to win market share on long-haul travel via their expanding hubs.
  • Latin American carriers saw demand improve to -2.3% in August (from -3.5% in July).  Passenger confidence, dampened by Influenza A(H1N1) is returning with the end of flu season in the southern hemisphere.
  • African carriers showed the weakest demand at -4.9% in August. This was a slight improvement on the -5.5% recorded in July.
  • For 2010 IATA’s latest industry outlook anticipates average international passenger growth of just over 4.0%, compared to an expected full-year decline in 2009 of almost 5.0%. 

Freight Demand:

Compared to the low point of December 2008, seasonally adjusted freight demand has improved by 12%, but remains exceptionally weak at 16% below April 2008 levels when the fall in demand began. All regions saw improved demand conditions in August compared to July:

  • Latin American and the Middle Eastern carriers were the only regions to report growth of 3.9% and 3.0% respectively.
  • Asia Pacific carriers, representing 44% of the global freight market, saw year-on-year demand improve marginally from -9.5% to -9.0% in August compared to July.
  • North American carriers saw a slightly larger improvement from -14.6% in July to -12.1% in August. This is similar to the -16.2% to -14.5% improvement registered by European carriers.
  • African carriers saw the largest improvement - from -25.9% in July to -5.1% in August. The region’s small market size exaggerates any shifts.
  • For 2010 IATA’s industry outlook anticipates average international freight growth of 5.5%, compared to an expected full-year decline in 2009 of 14.5%.

“Even with improving demand, there are few bright spots in the industry. This must point us to the need for some fundamental re-thinking. At the top of the list for change are the industry’s antiquated rules of the game which restrict access to markets and to international capital. This industry needs to operate as a normal business. Liberalization of ownership rules could be a lifeline for airlines as we approach a difficult fourth quarter,” said Bisignani.

View full August traffic results


Anthony Concil
Director Corporate Communications
Tel: +41 22 770 2967

Notes for Editors:

  • IATA (International Air Transport Association) represents some 230 airlines comprising 93% of scheduled international air traffic.
  • Explanation of measurement terms:
    • RPK: Revenue Passenger Kilometers measures actual passenger traffic
    • ASK: Available Seat Kilometers measures available passenger capacity
    • PLF: Passenger Load Factor is % of ASKs used.  
    • FTK: Freight Tone Kilometers measures actual freight traffic
    • AFTK: Available Freight Tone Kilometers measures available total freight capacity 
    • FLF: Freight Load Factor is % of AFTKs used
  • IATA statistics cover international scheduled air traffic; domestic traffic is not included.
  • All figures are provisional and represent total reporting at time of publication plus estimates for missing data. Historic figures may be revised.
  • International passenger traffic market shares by region in terms of RPK are: Europe 34.9%, Asia-Pacific 29.4%, North America 18.2%, Middle East 11.3%, Latin America 4.4%, Africa 1.7%
  • International freight traffic market shares by region in terms of FTK are: Asia-Pacific 44.2%, Europe 26.3%, North America 16.3%, Middle East 10.2%, Latin America 2.1%, Africa 0.9%
  • Aircraft utilization data sourced from Ascend 

International Air Transport Association
800 Place Victoria, P.O. Box 113 Montreal, Quebec, Canada H4Z 1M1.



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