Airlines to lose
US$5.2 billion in 2008
-Slowing Demand and
High Oil to Blame-
Montreal - The International Air Transport Association
(IATA) today announced a revised industry financial forecast that would see
the global airline industry post losses of US$5.2 billion in 2008 based on an
average crude oil price of US$113 per barrel (US$140 for jet fuel).
“The situation remains bleak. The toxic combination of high oil prices and
falling demand continues to poison the industry’s profitability. We expect
losses of US$5.2 billion this year,” said Giovanni Bisignani, IATA’s Director
General and CEO.
Fuel: “While there has been some relief in the oil price in
recent months, the year-to-date average is US$113 per barrel. That’s US$40
per barrel more than the US$73 per barrel average for 2007, pushing the
industry fuel bill up by US$50 billion to an expected US$186 billion this
year,” said Bisignani. Fuel is expected to rise to 36% of operating costs, up
from 13% in 2002.
Demand: IATA also announced industry traffic data for July
which showed a continued slowing of demand.
July year-on-year passenger demand growth fell to 1.9% - the lowest in five
years. Capacity increased by double that - 3.8% - indicating that service
cuts are not keeping pace with the fall in demand. This pushed the load
factor for the month to 79.9%, a drop of more than 1% compared to July 2007.
The surprise of July was a 0.5% drop in passenger demand by Asia-Pacific
carriers partly attributable to a change in Chinese visa requirements but
also showing that economic weakness is spreading to previously robust
Cargo demand in July contracted by 1.9% compared to 2007. Asia-Pacific
carriers - the largest players in the cargo market - were hit hard with a
6.5% drop in demand.
As a result of the weaker economic outlook IATA significantly revised
downward its traffic forecast for domestic and international markets
combined. Passenger traffic is now expected to grow on average by 3.2% (was
3.9%) and air freight volumes by just 1.8% (was 3.9%). This is only
half the pace of expansion seen in 2007 and is boosted by the stronger growth
seen at the start of the year. Strong traffic growth allowed the industry to
partly absorb the rise in fuel costs from 2003-2007. This is no longer
“While some regions will show small profits, the negative impact of the
industry crisis is universal,” said Bisignani.
- North American carriers are expected to post
losses of US$5.0 billion in 2008 making them the hardest hit by this
- Asia Pacific is expected to see profits shrink
from US$900 million in 2007 to US$300 million this year.
- European profits will tumble seven-fold from
US$2.1 billion in 2007 to US$300 million in 2008.
- Middle Eastern profits will drop by US$100 million
to US$200 million.
- Latin American and African carriers will see
losses deepen to US$300 million and US$700 million respectively.
2009: IATA announced its initial outlook for 2009. The
difficult business environment is expected to continue. Most economies
are expected to deliver even weaker economic growth next year, which will
negatively impact air travel and freight. With an expected oil price of
US$110 per barrel (US$ 136 for jet fuel) and continued weak growth (2.9%
tkp), industry losses are expected to continue at US$4.1 billion. The 2009
fuel bill is expected to rise, as hedging offers less protection, to US$223
billion comprising 40% of operating expenses.
“While we expect the bottom line to improve by about US$1 billion next year,
the industry will be US$4.1 billon in the red,” said Bisignani. “This crisis
is re-shaping the industry in more severe ways than the demand shocks of SARS
or 9.11. When fuel goes from 13% of your costs to 40% in 7 years with an
increased cost implication of US$183 billion, you simply cannot continue to
do business in the same way. Fundamental change is needed,” said Bisignani.
“Airlines have reduced non-fuel unit costs by 18% since 2001. Airports and
air navigation service providers must join the effort. Efficiency gains are
critical but cannot fully absorb the impact of skyrocketing fuel prices,”
“This crisis is highlighting the need for greater commercial freedom.
Airlines are facing enormous challenges. To be successful and continue
providing jobs to 32 million people and supporting US$3.5 trillion in
economic activity, airlines must be able to do business like any other
business,” said Bisignani.
“More airlines have gone bust in 2008 than in the aftermath of 9.11. To cure
the structural sickness of the industry, made all the more obvious by the
high price of oil, we need a strong dose of liberalisation. The US-EU talks
later this month are one opportunity to address ownership restrictions in an
important market. And IATA is taking the unusual step of facilitating a
global dialogue on an Agenda for Freedom next month in Istanbul. Simply
weathering the current storm is not an option. We must take the opportunity
of these extraordinary times to facilitate extraordinary change to strengthen
the industry with normal commercial freedoms,” said Bisignani.
- IATA -
Notes for Editors:
- An oil price of US$113 is the actual average oil
- IATA’s previous forecast was made in June at a
time of extreme volatility in the oil price. Exceptionally IATA forecast
a range of industry losses between US$2.3 billion (based on a consensus
oil price of US$106.5) and US$6.1 billion (based on an average oil price
of US$122 which would have resulted had the then current price of oil at
US$135 per barrel held for the remainder of 2008).
full Financial Forecast (pdf)
full July traffic results